We analyzed baseline data from a phase III trial of conditional cash transfers for HIV prevention of sexually active, school-going young women aged 13—20 years in rural South Africa. Open in a separate window. Experiences of stigma, discrimination, abuse, exploitation and violence, including sexual violence, are common.
Using logistic or multinomial logistic regression for binary and categorical mediators, respectively, we calculated odds ratios for the relationship between transactional sex and each potential mediating variable. South Africa has the largest ART programme in the world. The reasons why women married and unmarried do not use contraceptives most commonly include concerns about possible health and side effects and the belief that they are not at risk of getting pregnant.